3,484
squad up!
 

Apr 15 - People With Depression Use Language Differently -- Here's How to Spot It


view the rest of most viewed
 


section   (0 bx goons and 1 bystanders) Share this on Twitter   Share this on Facebook
 

Props Slaps
 6 months ago '06        #1
6432 page views
44 comments


RAZAH CUTS 6277 heat pts6277
space
avatar space
space
$57,311 | Props total: 29006 29006
Apr 15 - People With Depression Use Language Differently -- Here's How to Spot It
 

 
image

From the way you move and sleep, to how you interact with people around you, depression changes just about everything. It is even noticeable in the way you speak and express yourself in writing. Sometimes this “language of depression” can have a powerful effect on others. Just consider the impact of the poetry and song lyrics of Sylvia Plath and Kurt Cobain, who both k!lled themselves after suffering from depression.

Scientists have long tried to pin down the exact relationship between depression and language, and technology is helping us get closer to a full picture. Our new study, published in Clinical Psychological Science, has now unveiled a class of words that can help accurately predict whether someone is suffering from depression.

Traditionally, linguistic analyses in this field have been carried out by researchers reading and taking notes. Nowadays, computerised text analysis methods allow the processing of extremely large data banks in minutes. This can help spot linguistic features which humans may miss, calculating the percentage prevalence of words and classes of words, lexical diversity, average sentence length, grammatical patterns and many other metrics.


So far, personal essays and diary entries by depressed people have been useful, as has the work of well-known artists such as Cobain and Plath. For the spoken word, snippets of natural language of people with depression have also provided insight. Taken together, the findings from such research reveal clear and consistent differences in language between those with and without symptoms of depression.

Content
Language can be separated into two components: content and style. The content relates to what we express – that is, the meaning or subject matter of statements. It will surprise no one to learn that those with symptoms of depression use an excessive amount of words conveying negative emotions, specifically negative adjectives and adverbs – such as “lonely”, “sad” or “miserable”.

More interesting is the use of pronouns. Those with symptoms of depression use significantly more first person singular pronouns – such as “me”, “myself” and “I” – and significantly fewer second and third person pronouns – such as “they”, “them” or “she”. This pattern of pronoun use suggests people with depression are more focused on themselves, and less connected with others. Researchers have reported that pronouns are actually more reliable in identifying depression than negative emotion words.

We know that rumination (dwelling on personal problems) and social isolation are common features of depression. However, we don’t know whether these findings reflect differences in attention or thinking style. Does depression cause people to focus on themselves, or do people who focus on themselves get symptoms of depression?

Style
The style of language relates to how we express ourselves, rather than the content we express. Our lab recently conducted a big data text analysis of 64 different online mental health forums, examining over 6,400 members. “Absolutist words” – which convey absolute magnitudes or probabilities, such as “always”, “nothing” or “completely” – were found to be better markers for mental health forums than either pronouns or negative emotion words.


From the outset, we predicted that those with depression will have a more black and white view of the world, and that this would manifest in their style of language. Compared to 19 different control forums (for example, Mumsnet and StudentRoom), the prevalence of absolutist words is approximately 50% greater in anxiety and depression forums, and approximately 80% greater for suicidal ideation forums.

Pronouns produced a similar distributional pattern as absolutist words across the forums, but the effect was smaller. By contrast, negative emotion words were paradoxically less prevalent in suicidal ideation forums than in anxiety and depression forums.

Our research also included recovery forums, where members who feel they have recovered from a depressive episode write positive and encouraging posts about their recovery. Here we found that negative emotion words were used at comparable levels to control forums, while positive emotion words were elevated by approximately 70%. Nevertheless, the prevalence of absolutist words remained significantly greater than that of controls, but slightly lower than in anxiety and depression forums.

Crucially, those who have previously had depressive symptoms are more likely to have them again. Therefore, their greater tendency for absolutist thinking, even when there are currently no symptoms of depression, is a sign that it may play a role in causing depressive episodes. The same effect is seen in use of pronouns, but not for negative emotion words.

Practical implications
Understanding the language of depression can help us understand the way those with symptoms of depression think, but it also has practical implications. Researchers are combining automated text analysis with machine learning (computers that can learn from experience without being programmed) to classify a variety of mental health conditions from natural language text samples such as blog posts.


Such classification is already outperforming that made by trained therapists. Importantly, machine learning classification will only improve as more data is provided and more sophisticated algorithms are developed. This goes beyond looking at the broad patterns of absolutism, negativity and pronouns already discussed. Work has begun on using computers to accurately identify increasingly specific subcategories of mental health problems – such as perfectionism, self-esteem problems and social anxiety.

That said, it is of course possible to use a language a.ssociated with depression without actually being depressed. Ultimately, it is how you feel over time that determines whether you are suffering. But as the World Health Organisation estimates that more than 300m people worldwide are now living with depression, an increase of more than 18% since 2005, having more tools available to spot the condition is certainly important to improve health and prevent tragic suicides such as those of Plath and Cobain.

Mohammed Al-Mosaiwi, PhD Candidate in Psychology, University of Reading

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.

visit this link https://www.alternet.org/ .. es-how-spot-it

44 comments for "Apr 15 - People With Depression Use Language Differently -- Here's How to Spot It"

 6 months ago '04        #2
jsmooth-117 14 heat pts14
space
space
space
$13,005 | Props total: 11739 11739
Good sh*t. Thanks for the post

 6 months ago '13        #3
Phenom354 
space
avatar space
space
$10,221 | Props total: 8377 8377


That said, it is of course possible to use a language a.ssociated with depression without actually being depressed

[pic - click to view]




And there you go

 6 months ago '15        #4
Yogiya34 42 heat pts42
space
avatar space
space
$4,059 | Props total: 6503 6503
 Phenom354 said


That said, it is of course possible to use a language a.ssociated with depression without actually being depressed

[pic - click to view]




And there you go
Props on reading And spotting it

Top 10 most propped recently  6 months ago '16        #5
foshoVoodoo 214 heat pts214
space
avatar space
space
$13,386 | Props total: 31993 31993
This bullsh*t is bullsh*t

 6 months ago '08        #6
GoldBluded 648 heat pts648
space
avatar space
space
$21,335 | Props total: 34301 34301
Studies show women who use make up aren't as confident as women who don't wear makeup only 50% Of the time sometimes it physically depends on calculations of the thoughts of the minds of the woman who puts it on and the precipitation of the atmosphere when the person wakes up.


Studies show twerking is more appealing then dipping it low but less appealing then dropping it like it's hot.

Studies show people who watch tv on Tuesday mornings are less successful then people who watch tv on Thursday nights

Studies show lebron jumps higher when there is 4% Asian people on the left side of the stands.













just stop with these b.s. studies

 6 months ago '15        #7
RevolverLuciana 
space
avatar space
space
$875 | Props total: 1088 1088
 GoldBluded said
Studies show women who use make up aren't as confident as women who don't wear makeup only 50% Of the time sometimes it physically depends on calculations of the thoughts of the minds of the woman who puts it on and the precipitation of the atmosphere when the person wakes up.


Studies show twerking is more appealing then dipping it low but less appealing then dropping it like it's hot.

Studies show people who watch tv on Tuesday mornings are less successful then people who watch tv on Thursday nights

Studies show lebron jumps higher when there is 4% Asian people on the left side of the stands.





just stop with these b.s. studies
I'm tryna figure out how much these n*ggas gettin paid, because if its as easy as it sounds i might get in the game.

"Studies show n*ggas that inhabit tekashi threads are 43% more likely to live with their parents and shop at Ingles."

 6 months ago '04        #8
mr_underground|m 2062 heat pts2062
space
avatar space
space
$23,868 | Props total: 32403 32403
was this written for elementary schoolers?


depression use an excessive amount of words conveying negative emotions, specifically negative adjectives and adverbs – such as “lonely”, “sad” or “miserable”.

[pic - click to view]




really? i would never guessed depressed people think negatively...

 6 months ago '15        #9
liquidzero 
space
avatar space
space
$604 | Props total: 3701 3701
 Phenom354 said


That said, it is of course possible to use a language a.ssociated with depression without actually being depressed

[pic - click to view]




And there you go
Its also possible to be depressed without actually knowing you're depressed.


 6 months ago '16        #10
TomDick&Harry 27 heat pts27
space
avatar space
space
$3,189 | Props total: 7358 7358
People who beat off are horny.

Am I a college professor?


Last edited by TomDick&Harry; 04-15-2018 at 09:50 PM..

 6 months ago '12        #11
acefresh 21 heat pts21
space
avatar space
space
$8,373 | Props total: 24964 24964
 liquidzero said
Its also possible to be depressed without actually knowing you're depressed.


 6 months ago '17        #12
AllWins 1 heat pts
space
avatar space
space
$1,513 | Props total: 3909 3909
 mr_underground said
was this written for elementary schoolers?


depression use an excessive amount of words conveying negative emotions, specifically negative adjectives and adverbs – such as “lonely”, “sad” or “miserable”.

[pic - click to view]




really? i would never guessed depressed people think negatively...
Did you read the whole paragraph that you quoted? Did you not see “it will surprise no one” right before that?



. It will surprise no one to learn that those with symptoms of depression use an excessive amount of words conveying negative emotions, specifically negative adjectives and adverbs – such as “lonely”, “sad” or “miserable”.

 6 months ago '16        #13
MacFrugal 
space
avatar space
space
$274 | Props total: 1032 1032
A majority of this website suffer from depression


Kobain yourselves it’s in your nature

 6 months ago '15        #14
kingjappyjoe 
space
space
space
$7,868 | Props total: 9357 9357
Depression is looked down on and ignored far too often people need to help each other more often Love coming out about his panic attack made me a huge fan. Mental issues aren’t fun. Too bad ppl worried about things that shouldn’t even concern them smh

 6 months ago '15        #15
160z 1 heat pts
space
space
space
$5,578 | Props total: 16389 16389
 GoldBluded said
Studies show twerking is more appealing then dipping it low but less appealing then dropping it like it’s hot

 6 months ago '13        #16
marietta92 26 heat pts26
space
avatar space
space
$10,283 | Props total: 12812 12812
 RevolverLuciana said
I'm tryna figure out how much these n*ggas gettin paid, because if its as easy as it sounds i might get in the game.

"Studies show n*ggas that inhabit tekashi threads are 43% more likely to live with their parents and shop at Ingles."
you took me back with Ingles! you from Georgia?

 6 months ago '15        #17
RevolverLuciana 
space
avatar space
space
$875 | Props total: 1088 1088
 marietta92 said
you took me back with Ingles! you from Georgia?
Hell yea, I'm over here by Redan Rd. You?

 6 months ago '13        #18
marietta92 26 heat pts26
space
avatar space
space
$10,283 | Props total: 12812 12812
 RevolverLuciana said
Hell yea, I'm over here by Redan Rd. You?
Oh I ain’t lived in GA in years. I’m in tx now.

I saw downtown changed when I visited in March

 6 months ago '13        #19
Taree 7 heat pts
space
avatar space
space
$8,069 | Props total: 15579 15579
Typical Boxden just gonna skim the article and take out of it what they want and ignore the rest.

I deal with depression myself. I also journal to help. This sh*t is actually spot on. Pretty wild to see it explained like this.

 6 months ago '15        #20
RevolverLuciana 
space
avatar space
space
$875 | Props total: 1088 1088
 marietta92 said
Oh I ain’t lived in GA in years. I’m in tx now.

I saw downtown changed when I visited in March
How would you compare tex to Ga?

 6 months ago '15        #21
biggydski 3 heat pts
space
space
space
$312 | Props total: 514 514
Studies show im slapping this thread

 6 months ago '14        #22
zayan 11 heat pts11
space
space
space
$1,374 | Props total: 6992 6992
Ppl with depression are wired by their upbringing to have an all or nothing mentality. If u aint good u bad, if u aint bad u good. If u aint hot u ugly, if u aint ugly u hot.

They also mad self absorbed.

Its kinda difficult to tell a depression person to let go of their ego and allow them to think “okay... its okay to not be perfect, u will still be loved if you’re not perfect”

But they are so sure that thats how life works and the more stubborn of a person u are, the harder it will be to get rid of it.

I will say sometimes a person will actually have a terrible fu*king life and thats why they feel super hopeless, but alot of us just have a unhealthy perspective on things

Source? I was clinically depressed for 3 years. I know the journey and the darkness of the mind pretty damn well. Anyone who’s feeling depressed PM me i have a degree in this sh*t too I wanna be able to help u out in any way I can I know how low it feels trust me.

 6 months ago '14        #23
FukHowYouFeel 1 heat pts
space
avatar space
space
$5,176 | Props total: 14820 14820
Why can’t I just enjoy solitude and not talking to people on purpose without being put on suicide watch?

 6 months ago '14        #24
consigliereA 97 heat pts97
space
avatar space
space
$29,159 | Props total: 35386 35386
Dressed in all black like “fu*k life”..

😒😒😒

 6 months ago '04        #25
mac58 220 heat pts220
space
avatar space
space
$7,878 | Props total: 14323 14323
I think this article is a completely miserable example of journalism and means nothing

Home      
  
 


most viewed right now
 211
Image(s) inside Obama on Kanye: "I SAID WHAT I SAID"
46 comments
1 hour ago
@hiphop
most viewed right now
 117
Video inside Well Damn looks like Drake is coming for pusha
70 comments
2 hours ago
@hiphop
most viewed right now
 110
BREAKING: AR-AB & OBH Indictment released by U.S. DOJ
95 comments
3 hours ago
@hiphop
most viewed right now
 83
Katt Williams said Hazel E went to Dubai and got shat on :dead:
47 comments
3 hours ago
@misc
most viewed right now
 78
PART 2. BX have you ever smashed a famous or well known broad before?
50 comments
2 hours ago
@wild'ish
most viewed right now
 73
Image(s) inside You see the hamburger, but can you spot the chocolate chip cookie
23 comments
2 hours ago
@thotsdimesetc
most viewed right now
 53
Video inside MoneyBagg who ? Speaks and exposes rap industry
161 comments
3 hours ago
@hiphop
most viewed right now
 43
NFL Victor Cruz about to wife karate
30 comments
2 hours ago
@sports
most viewed right now
 35
Video inside "A Dude With Ghostwriters, has no place to talk about "Rules In Rap Bee..
59 comments
1 hour ago
@hiphop
most viewed right now
 31
 NBA What happened to Lonzo last night?
29 comments
40 minutes ago
@sports
most viewed right now
 29
Image(s) inside They Lined Up for that RDR2 my dude....
12 comments
1 hour ago
@games
most viewed right now
 28
NFL Mike McCoy fired
30 comments
2 hours ago
@sports
most viewed right now
 28
Image(s) inside I met her and I've been shining ever since
15 comments
2 hours ago
@wild'ish
most viewed right now
 26
NBA I thought Kyrie wanted his own team?
104 comments
12 hours ago
@sports
most viewed right now
 24
Oct 19 - Mueller report PSA: Prepare for disappointment
28 comments
3 hours ago
@news
most viewed right now
 24
Article inside I'm a black Republican AMA
64 comments
2 hours ago
@misc
most viewed right now
 23
NFL Why Michael Vick daddy still pushing weight
26 comments
3 hours ago
@sports
most viewed right now
 22
Video inside [VIDEO] Travis Scott-Sicko Mode feat Drake
46 comments
3 hours ago
@hiphop
most viewed right now
 22
Video inside The VLADTV Federal Indictment Interviews Series (ft. Taxstone, Ralo, AR..
7 comments
1 hour ago
@hiphop
most viewed right now
 21
Image(s) inside Fendi new scarf looking...
3 comments
2 hours ago
@gear
Top 10 most propped recently
Last few hours...
HUDA2daF
57
HIGH LVLD
49
mikejuheard
44
foshoVoodoo
40
PROV
40
micropave
33
FireBeats
28
squirtofkahlua
28
Juliette DaBlok
25
Big Smoke FLA
24
Top 10 most slapped recently
agriffiths
53
ovogoon
49
Gang Sht
36
BlackDynamite
27
suavehooper
23
Affectz
21
Kim Jong Un
20
NinetyThree94
17
baddie
12
two-face
11
 
 





most viewed right now
online now  44
Video inside One of the best films of that last ten years nobody cares about
75 comments
22 hours ago
@movies
most viewed right now
online now  37
Image(s) inside That fat model ashley graham lost a ton
110 comments
1 day ago
@thotsdimesetc
most viewed right now
online now  36
Video inside Big d*ck in new york public experiment
175 comments
2 days ago
@misc
most viewed right now
online now  26
Image(s) inside Oct 18 - Divers swim through 90 ft of raw sewage to unclog 'flushable ..
80 comments
19 hours ago
@news
most viewed right now
online now  16
BREAKING: AR-AB & OBH Associates allegedly Indicted by the FEDS!
156 comments
19 hours ago
@hiphop
most viewed right now
online now  12
Image(s) inside Dayuum say it aint so -BRITTANY REINER exposes UZI - 'He didnt wanna s..
163 comments
1 day ago
@misc
most viewed right now
online now  9
Video inside Halloween is cancelled, we already have a winner
47 comments
1 day ago
@wild'ish
most viewed right now
online now  7
Video inside CHEROKEE D ASS is RAWNOPULLOUT status PT 2 (BX THOTTY CLASSICS)
82 comments
1 day ago
@thotsdimesetc
back to top
register contact Follow BX @ Twitter Follow BX @ Facebook search BX privacy